The River Ganges also known as the Ganga, flows 2,700 km from the Himalaya mountains to the Bay of Bengal in northern India and Bangladesh. Regarded as sacred by Hindus, the river is personified as the goddess Ganga in ancient texts and art. Ritual bathing in the Ganges was and is an important part of Hindu pilgrimage and the ashes of the cremated are often spread across her waters.
Ghats in Varanasi are riverfront steps leading to the banks of the River Ganges. The city has 87 ghats. Most of the ghats are bathing and puja ceremony ghats, while a few are used exclusively as cremation sites.
The Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple
The Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple is one of the sacred temples of the Hindu god Hanuman in the city of Varanasi , It is one of the sacred temples of the Hindu God Hanuman in the city of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. It is situated by the Assi River near to the Durga and New Vishwanath temple within the Banaras Hindu University campus. Sankar Mochan in Hindi means reliever from troubles.
Sarnath is located 13 kms north east of Varanasi near the confluence of Ganges and Gomati rivers. The deer park in Sarnath is where Buddha taught his first dharma and where buddhist sangha came into existence.
The Dhamekh Stupa is the most remarkable and massive structure at Sarnath. Built partly in stone and partly in brick, the Dhamekh Stupa is 28 meter in diameter at the base and 43.6 meter in height. The stone facing the lower part is decorated with delicate floral carvings of Gupta period.
According to the Archaeologists, the Dhameka might have been the Stupa built by Ashoka to mark the spot where Lord Buddha preached the Dharmachakrapravartana (set in motion the wheel of law) for the first time to his five disciples.